Are You Suffering From Eco-Anxiety?
Does your heart sink when you hear the latest news about climate change, biodiversity loss and ecosystem collapse? Are you dismayed by the decline of insects, rainforests and glaciers? Do you worry about a future involving extreme weather patterns, widespread crop failure, or an unravelling of present-day society?
It’s easy to feel overwhelmed as we take in what is happening to the earth right now.
We may find ourselves undertaking what Francis Weller calls a “painful apprenticeship with sorrow” as we consider the enormity of what is being lost, and the difficulties we or future generations will face.
Former certainties and structures in our life can begin to feel hollow or unstable. We may struggle with grief, guilt, anger, and despair. Anxiety can become a constant companion.
Anxiety Is A Messenger
Many people choose to treat eco-anxiety as a false alarm. They try to turn down the volume of the worrying mind, in order to escape the nagging vulnerability and pain. How appealing it is to escape! – through denial, distraction, or comforting stories of stability and optimism.
But anxiety is a messenger. It alerts us to the presence of threat or danger. So when the threats are real, anxiety needs to be listened to. And finding the right response means:
- Facing the difficulty
- Accessing our resources
- Taking appropriate action.
1. Facing The Difficulty
Taking in the full implications of this climate crisis can generate very difficult emotions. If we are to move towards appropriate action, we must face not only the external facts of what is happening, but also our internal feelings about it.
Grief and sorrow: The grief and sorrow that we experience when confronting environmental destruction is in direct proportion to our love for the natural world. It needs to be treated with compassion. Can you tell yourself, with tenderness, that you are here for your grief and want to take good care of it?
Guilt and despair: When we consider our past role in creating this crisis, it’s easy to feel guilty. And as we look to the future, we may see little chance of avoiding causing further harm. With windows of hope for the planet seemingly closing by the day, we may be flooded by bleakness and despair. What happens if you stay in the present, and commit to sitting beside this pain?
Anger: Anger is the ‘fight’ in us. It can be hard to process, because so many expressions of anger are destructive and hurtful to others. But anger arises naturally when we feel protective of something precious that is under threat. And it contains huge – and potentially valuable – energy. If you meet your anger with kindness, honouring its desire to protect, how does it respond?
2. Our Most Important Resource…
Human civilisation has delivered incredible benefits. We have learned to manipulate our environment and the earth’s resources – and often each other – to bring extraordinary health, wealth and comfort.
But seeing nature and people through a lens of ‘usefulness’ slides easily into objectification, and separateness. Slowly but surely we become disconnected from the rest of the natural world, and from our fellow human beings.
This process of untethering, though freeing and empowering in some ways, can also leave us profoundly lost and empty. We no longer have a sense of rootedness or belonging. We no longer perceive ourselves as a vibrant, integral part of a whole.
When this happens, it severs us from our deepest and most powerful resource: a sense of meaning and purpose.
…And How To Access It
Meaning and purpose keep us engaged and energised even when we encounter setbacks and loss. They nourish the soul, inspire the imagination, and fuel our actions. This makes them vital resources when facing long-term, ongoing challenges such as the ecological and climate crisis.
The best way to rediscover a sense of meaning and purpose is to reconnect, with the world and the people around you.
Reconnection can take many different forms. You might decide to spend more time in nature. Maybe you’ll grow herbs on your windowsill, or put bird-feeders in your garden. Perhaps you’ll seek out a supportive community… or create one. You might simply focus on ‘being of service’ – to family, or friends, or animals, or the wider community – so that you develop, as Catherine Ingram puts it, “a sense that you are being well used, like good compost in the field of life.”
3. Taking Appropriate Action
Action is the ultimate goal of any healthy response to threat and anxiety. Action generates a sense of empowerment, and allows the pent-up energy of anger to be put to good use.
Of course, we often act in the hope of obtaining certain results. But it’s important to try and hold this lightly. A narrow focus on results can be disheartening if those results don’t materialise.
With eco-anxiety, it can be helpful instead to focus on aligning your actions with your values. There is a steadiness that arises when your deepest-held values are allowed to ripple out into all your daily actions and choices.
Action can be inner or outer, large or small. It may include:
- Making daily time for a calm personal space
- Speaking out on environmental issues – to friends and family; or more widely, e.g. campaigning, protesting, lobbying
- Working for social or ecological justice (Paul Hawken estimates there are up to two million groups active in this field around the world)
- Finding a safe space to examine and work through your emotions about the climate crisis
- Learning about ways society can do things differently – e.g. sustainability, regenerative agriculture, decolonisation
- Participating in projects that may help communities adapt to a climate-changed world – e.g. transition town initiatives, community energy
- Taking practical steps to live more lightly on this earth
Eco-Anxiety: Finding Your Path… With Others
Finding your way through eco-anxiety isn’t easy. You will need time, and the right support.
A community of like-minded people can be hugely beneficial. Community provides a ‘container’, when difficult emotions need to spill out; a ‘shared pot’ of energy, when you feel depleted; and the comfort of knowing that others share your concerns.
There may also be areas where this collective crisis intersects with your own personal or ancestral history and experience. This may create particular knots that need untangling. When things get really overwhelming, counselling can provide a helpful space to think things through.
It takes enormous courage to face such outrageous loss and seismic change, and find a way forwards. But you don’t have to make the journey alone.